EXAMINATION 2: mODERN gERMANY
This examination covers chapters 3.5-6 inclusive (pp. 109-223). It will be the same format as your previous examination. Section I will be Short Answer/ID. Sections II and III will be long essays. Section I will be worth 20 points. Sections II and III will be worth 40 points each. You will need to bring a bluebook for the examination.
THINGS TO KNOW:
THINGS TO KNOW:
- Be able to discuss the rivalry between Austria and Prussia after the 1848 Revolutions.
- Know the parliamentary crisis in Prussia in the early 1860s. Why was Bismarck called in? How did Bismarck deal with the Parliament? Was he successful?
- Describe Bismarck.
- How was Bismarck able to unify Germany? How did his approach differ from that of the liberals prior to the rise of Bismarck?
- Know about the wars of German unification—Danish War, Austro-Prussian War, and Franco-Prussian War.
- Understand the issues Bismarck faced once he had unified Germany. What were the two domestic challenges and how did Bismarck address each? Was he successful?
- Be able to describe Bismarck’s foreign policy between 1871 and 1890.
- Understand Kaiser Wilhelm (William) II. Describe his personality and know how that affected German development in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.
- Know the circumstances surrounding the dismissal of Bismarck. Who were Bismarck’s replacements? What was William’s reasoning for appointing these men chancellor?
- What was Caprivi’s economic policy?
- Why did William and Tirpitz decide to build a large battle fleet? What were their foreign and domestic goals in building up the fleet? What were the consequences?
- What were William’s views of the Social Democrats?
- Be able to discuss German foreign relations from 1890 to 1914. How did colonization fit into foreign affairs? What were the consequences?
- Know the origins of the First World War. What role did Germany play in the coming of World War I? What was the role of nationalism in the outbreak of the war?
- Know how Germany sought to win the war. What were the Germans’ strategies throughout the war?
- Why did Germany lose the war?
- Be able to discuss the German revolutions at the end of the war and why German ended up with the Weimar Republic. What was the so-called Weimar coalition?
- Constitution of 1850 (Prussia)
- Radowitz or Erfurt Plan
- North German Confederation
- Catholic Center Party
- Social Democrats
- Drei Kaiser Bund (Three Emperors’ League)
- Austro-Prussian War
- Reassurance Treaty
- Battle of Sedan
- Peace of Frankfurt 1871
- Anti-Socialists Laws
- Tirpitz Plan
- Entente Cordiale
- Schlieffen Plan
- Battle of Verdun
- Paul von Hindernburg
- German Navy League
- Pan-German League
- Erich Ludendorff
- Battle of Tannenberg
- First Battle of the Marne
- Battles of Verdun, Somme and Jutland
- Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
- Ebert/Gröner Pact