EXAMINATION 1 REVIEW:
The examination will cover chapters 1-6 in the Neely book.
Things to study:
Things to study:
- Know the nature of French absolutism from the reign of Louis XIV to Louis XVI. What were issues associated with absolutism? How was absolutism a cause of the French Revolution?
- Be able to discuss 18th Century French foreign affairs and how this contributed to the French Revolution.
- Study the Enlightenment and the various philosphes. Know how this relates to the Revolution.
- Be able to describe how French society was ordered. What were the different estates and how did this contribute to social problems?
- What economic issues did France face prior to the Revolution?
- Know the underlying causes of the Revolution as well as the immediate cause.
- Be able to discuss how the Estates General functioned and what led to the formation of the National Assembly (National Constituent Assembly). What part did the Third Estate play in this?
- What was the Tennis Court Oath and why is it considered the beginning of the French Revolution?
- Describe the urban events of July 1789 in Paris.
- Describe the “Great Fear”.
- Discuss what was undertaken and accomplished on the night of 4/5 August 1789.
- Understand the significance of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens. How did it come to be? What were the guiding principles? Why is it so important to the Revolution and beyond?
- Know the October Days of 1789 and the Women’s March on Versailles.
- How and why did the National Assembly secularize the Church?
- What led to the war against the First Coalition?
- Discuss the Constitution of 1791. What were its strengths and flaws.
- Be able to identify and describe the political factions: Girondins and Jacobins.
- What led to the radicalization and second phase of the Revolution between 1791 and 1792?
- Estates General
- “What is the Third Estate?”
- Cahiers de Doléance
- “October Days” 1789
- Flight to Varennes
- Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens
- September Massacre
- Jacques Necker
- The Third Estate
- Abbé Sieyès
- Comte de Mirabeau
- Tennis Court Oath
- Great Fear
- Constitution of 1791
- First Coalition
- Declaration of Pilnitz
- Brunswick Manifesto
- Civil Constitution of the Clergy